How to Deal With AMS and Acclimatize in Leh Ladakh?
A Leh Ladakh trip is often regarded as an adventure ride owing to the challenges it offers. Apartfrom the delightful vistas that you get to witness; there is also the enthusiasm of Leh Ladakh Road Trip through unfriendly terrains and dangerous passes. There are numerous things that you must need to prepare yourself for prior to booking Leh Ladakh Tour Packages; of which one of the most essential topics is of acute mountain sickness in Ladakh.
Cause of Acute Mountain Sickness
Acute Mountain Sickness happens because of shortage of oxygen at high altitude, and incapacity of our body system to adapt to low content of oxygen in the air. In order to put up with low oxygen each breath, our body escalates the breathing rate and therefore we begin to huff & puff so effortlessly in mountains. The course of a human body getting adapted to low oxygen and adjusting to the new environment is called “Acclimatization”.
Symptoms of AMS
Although majority of travelers on Leh Ladakh Trekking and Bike Tours Ladakh do experience few or all of the symptoms of moderate AMS. This includes fatigue, headaches, nausea, vomiting, loss of appetite and shortness of breath while walking to name a few. While some others, mightget affected by show symptoms of severe AMS. This includes shortness of breath at rest, incapacity to walk, reduced mental status and fluid buildup in lungs. However, not every traveler is affected is affected by AMS.
Medicines To Escape AMS
Diamox: The present recommendations are around 125 – 250 mgs to be taken twice daily, beginning a day prior to Leh Ladakh Tour and continuing for a 2-3 days at the elevation or even for the whole duration of stay.
Diamox can causeseveral side effects and you need to consult with your family doctor, prior to consuming Diamox, particularly if you are on any sort of medication. Moreover, since Diamox is a sulfur drug, it cannot be consumed by those who are sensitive to sulfur drugs.
Dexamethasone: You can consume around 2-4 mg of Dexamethasone in every 5-6 hours which is also effective in preventing and treating AMS. The contrivances of action of dexamethasone in getting rid of AMS symptoms are unknown. Its relative usefulness compared to Diamox has not been recognized, however it likely is same as Diamox. Dexamethasone must only be consumed after consultation with your family doctor or general physician.
Disprin/Aspirin: Those individuals who do not seek to have Diamox, blood thinners such as Disprin and Aspirin can not only facilitate in lowering some of the symptoms of AMS, eg: headaches, but also support your blood in carrying more oxygen.
Oxygen Cylinder: The best suggestion is to carry movable oxygen cylinders, which are easilyobtainable at chemist shops and must provide you temporary relief, just in case you or those traveling with you happen to feel uneasy or breathless.
How to Handle AMS in Ladakh?
Slow increase in height: Time is the key to altitude sickness, both prior to and after you begin experiencing the symptoms. As a rule of thumb, halt for a day at every 2,000 feet (600 meters) of climb above 8,000 feet (2,400 meters).
Avoid Tobacco Smoking & Alcohol Consumption: At many high altitude passes, you would discover boards put up by Indian Army suggesting people not to smoke and drink alcohol at such altitudes. Moreover, excuse yourself from any sleeping pills or anti-depressant medicines.
Avoid turning on the heater: If wandering in a car, you will be enticed to switch on the car heater in the cold environment of Ladakh. Try not to do so or still if you did switch on the heater, do not maintain it at full blower or full heat mode. In the closed space of a car, making use of a heater at its full capacity can activate the symptoms of AMS.
Sleeping Habits: Although you ought to ensure that your body is getting proper sleep, there are a number of places that you need to avoid sleeping at. Make certain that you are sleeping with your head on a pillow/head rest and not without it. Stay away from sleeping during day at all. If you are experiencing symptoms of AMS, try sleeping in an vertical position, with your back against the wall.
Eating & Drinking Habits: The golden rule when you set off on a Leh Ladakh Tour plan is to keep yourself hydrated. Drink ample of water and make sure that your diet regime encompass a lot of carbohydrates in it. Simultaneously, you need to ensure that you are not over-hydrating yourself. Make an attempt to have small meals instead of heavy ones; inclusive of food that is simply digestible.
Do not stress yourself: Keep your body stress-free and relaxed, try to walk little by little and do not exert physically with any needless activities that will leave you gasping.